June 12, 2005

Iraq and "Kurdistan"

In my geography class we were asked to divide Iraq into two contries that could be succesful. Here is the description of my countries.

Many times over the course of history the Kurdish people have been conquered and harassed with promises of their own country. Since the 1920s, however, they began a series of revolts. After a shot lapse from the fighting the Kurds began fighting with Iraq again in the 1960s. Continuing on for approximately thirty years the fighting grew worse and worse. In 1988, when chemical weapons were used against the Kurds thousands were killed and many were forced out of their homes. This constant struggle between the Iraqis and the Kurds shows that the two groups cannot peacefully coexist within the same country. The two groups should be separated to allow both to run their government the way they choose without being oppressed by the stronger group.
The border between the new Iraq and the new Kurdistan should be drawn so that it follows the Euphrates River from it’s most northwestern point in Iraq to its point at 33º 31’ N, 43º 08’ E. From there it should cut northeasterly to 33º 56’ N, 45º 30’ E. This leaves the northern region to become Kurdistan and the larger southern region to remain Iraq. The regions provide good borders because the Kurdish people mainly inhabit the northern area of Iraq. Both of the groups speak different languages, and both practice very different religions. With both of groups being culturally different in many ways the border would serve as an appropriate separation between the Kurds and Iraqis.
Both Iraq and Kurdistan would be able to support themselves on oil and farming. The proposed Kurdistan contains a rather large oil reserve, near the city of Kirkuk, that could be used by the country and sold to other countries for a large profit. In the more northern regions of Kurdistan the farmland contains wheat, cotton and barley and along the Euphrates, dates are grown. For Iraq there would still be plenty of oil in the southeastern regions as to not hurt the economy and farmland between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers would provide more then enough food to support the countries population.
In conclusion, there should be two countries made out of the modern day Iraq. Due to the dramatic differences and separation of the Kurdish and Iraqi people through language, religion, and overall culture these two countries should be divided to serve both groups. By giving each enough resources to survive on their own they would both have the potential to become successful, if not already.

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